Sawing and Grinding

Sawing and Grinding

Conceptual design: MSc. Mateja Šmid Hribar, Dr. Aleš Smrekar

Authors: Dr. Bojan Erhartič, Dr. Tatjana Resnik Planinc, Dr. Aleš Smrekar, Danica Šmid, MSc. Mateja Šmid Hribar, Jernej Tiran,

Illustrator: Marjan Pečar

Difficulty level: 7 to 10 years

Estimated time: 10 to 20 minutes

Language: English (links are available only in Slovenian)

Translation: DEKS d.o.o.

eLecture is a part of educational trail

PROJECT IS PARTIALLY FINANCED BY EUROPEAN UNION MED PROGRAMME

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Do you know Salameander? Maybe you’ve run into him on the Meander nature trail along the Iška River.

Now he’ll guide you through stories about the sawmills and flour mills that once operated on the Iška River.

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In the past, Slovenians were good at using water for various purposes. Water was also once used to power mills.

This was also the case along the Iška River, where there were more than fifty mills. Today only one sawmill is still active in this area.

Below you can find a map marked with

flour mills(3_znakec_mlin.png) and sawmills(3_znakec_zaga.png)

along the Iška River.



Map of flour mills and sawmills along the Iška River

Enter your answer:
There used to be flour mills on the Iška River.

Check

(3_okljukec.png)

(3_narobe_okljukec.png)

Map of flour mills and sawmills along the Iška River

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(4_mlin.jpg)

Mills used to be powered by water, but now they’re mostly powered by electricity.

The water turns a water wheel, which powers the machinery for sawing timber or grinding grain.




What drives the wheel?

Water
A boy
The sun

(4_narobe1_okljukec.png)

(4_narobe2_okljukec.png)

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A sawmill cuts logs into boards. Woodworkers use these boards to make doors, tables, chairs, benches, beds, and so on.


Put the pictures in the right order from tree to table.

(5_smreka.png)
(5_hlod.png)
(5_zaga.png)
(5_deske.png)
(5_miza.png)

Check

And what does Salameander say?

(7_narobe_okljukec.png)

(5_okljukec.png)

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At a flour mill, a miller grinds grain into flour, which is then used to make bread.

A miller usually grinds wheat, but sometimes he also grinds corn or buckwheat.

So you can have wheat, corn, or buckwheat bread for a snack.



Put the pictures in the right order from grain to bread.

(6_klas.png)
(6_zrnje_zita.png)
(6_mlin.png)
(6_moka.png)
(6_kruh.png)

Check

(7_narobe_okljukec.png)

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Mills usually stood next to channels dug by hand along the river. These channels were called millraces.

(7_zaga_in_mlin.png) (7_okljukec.png)

Write your answer:
The total number of mills and sawmills in the picture is .

Check

(7_narobe_okljukec.png)

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Complete the text.


In the past, Slovenians built next to rivers. They were powered by water that they diverted from the river into a .

mills grain into and were brought to sawmills and cut into .


Check

"Zip, zip, goes the ,

Bam, bam, goes the ,

And we merrily along."

(Janez Bitenc)

Check

Great! Your answer is correct.

Continue

Hmm, wrong answer.

The solution is:

In the past, Slovenians built mills next to rivers. They were powered by water that they diverted from the river into a millrace.
Flour mills ground grain into flour and logs were brought to sawmills and cut into boards.

Try again

Great! Your answer is correct.

Continue

Hmm, wrong answer.
The solution is:

"Zip, zip, goes the saw,

Bam, bam, goes the hammer,

And we merrily work along."

(Janez Bitenc)

Try again

(8_drugi_okljukec.png)

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(9_okljukec.png)



Listen to what some children think about this.

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(10_okljukec.png)

Do you know the right answer?

Write it down:
The

Check

(10_narobe_okljukec.png)

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Do you know the Slovenian song "Ob bistrem potoku je mlin" (The Mill on the Clear Brook)?

Sing it together with the children from the L’artko music school.

Ready? You can play the video by clicking on the image.

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Let’s review! A millrace is a channel that carries water to the mill.






(DEDI_logo.png)


Click on the logo above and it will take you to the website of the Encyclopedia of Slovenian Natural and Cultural Heritage (DEDI).

(11_okljukec.png)

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Press the Listen button to find out what you’re listening to. Choose the right answer from the pictures below.



(7_narobe_okljukec.png)

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Do you know the game Memory? Find the pairs and say what you can see in the pictures.

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Some things in our environment are so beautiful and wonderful that we have to protect them — so your children will be able to admire them too. This is called heritage.

We distinguish between natural and cultural heritage. Natural heritage was created by nature, and cultural heritage was created by people. Examples of natural heritage are trees, caves, and rivers, and examples of cultural heritage are castles, churches, houses, and monuments.

You can see a few examples below. Click on the picture to make it bigger.

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Watch a short film about the Venice frame saw, and then find the saw in Iška in the online    logo dedi

encyclopedia.

You can find the link to the online encyclopedia on the next page.

You can play the video by clicking on the image.

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Click on the logo below and it will take you to the website of

the Encyclopedia of Slovenian Natural and Cultural Heritage.

(DEDI_logo.png)



Answer this question:

Is a sawmill an example of natural or cultural heritage?

cultural heritage
natural heritage

(15_narobe_okljukec.png)

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Match the sentences on the right with the correct words on the left.

Miller
Sawmill
Boards
Flour
Millrace
Heritage
The person that grinds the grain.
A machine for cutting boards.
Cut log.
Ground grain.
Channel where water runs from the river to the mill.
Things that we’ve decided to preserve and protect.



Check

(16_dva_napacna_okljukec.png)

(16_trije_napacni_okljukec.png)

(16_stirje_napacni_okljukec.png)

(16_pet_napacnih_okljukec.png)

(16_sest_napacnih_okljukec.png)

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Put the images on the right into the big picture.
Make up a story called: HOW THE TREE BECAME A TABLE?

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The pictures below show various stages for making products from wood and flour.

Place the small images on the bigger picture - depending on where they belong. Then describe the work in the mill and saw.


Check

(7_narobe_okljukec.png)

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Arrange the pieces to form a picture.

Congratulations! You successffully completed the jigsaw puzzle!

Continue

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(20_okljukec.png) (20_zaga_mlinscica.jpg)





Sawmill
Hotel
Castle

(20_prav_okljukec.png)

(7_narobe_okljukec.png)
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