ljubljansko barje

Agriculture at the Barje

If we wish to preserve the quality of Ljubljansko barje's economy and life, the development should be diverted to the activities that will to the greatest possible extent exploit the comparative advantages offered by this environment.

To attain certain agricultural and general economic development, we should:
- develop such attitude towards high quality environment that would not burden the locals but would present a challenge for the area's further development;
- educate the local population fore a different, multi-purpose evaluation of the Barje;
- hasten the ecologically friendly production, whose product are marketable and provide for higher income;
- revive and stimulate traditional as well as alternative activities in the area;
- prevent any encroachments upon the environment that could possibly destroy environmental balance in the area.

In view of the possibilities of agricultural land-use, the following soil types are distinguished at the Barje:
- deep peat soil, which should be intended mostly or exclusively for fodder grass and would thus be preserved from mineralization;
- organic shallow soil, made also through mineralization of peat; in the large area of this soil type horsetail is thriving - part of this soil could be intended for agricultural produce;
- hard soil on alluvial sediments in the western part of the Barje; this is mostly fertile although heavy and hardly permeable soil, which would be intended for field produce with the introduction of fodder crop rotation; in the southern part of the Barje, this is light, fertile and permeable soil that would be intended for agricultural produce; the limitations in produce growing are the high supplies of drinking water;
- the soil of Barje solitary hillocks on carbonate rock; from the aspect of preserving fertility of soil on the Barje solitary hillocks, crop rotation is already favourable with suitable share of root crops, varieties of grain, fabaceous plants, fodder grass and other fodder plants.

The basic management principle at the Barje would be the following:
- promotion of grazing;
- grass growing on deep organic soil;
- agriculture on the area's fringes and solitary hillocks as well as on mineral and shallow organic soil where marsh horsetail is thriving;
- increased crop rotation in the fields - reduced share of maize;
- growing of American blueberries on overgrown land with deeper soil;
- moderate intensity of fertilisation.